Albania - Information about the Albanians and Albania
Albanian Eagle - One of the most heraldic Symbols
Hapesira
Article News



Scanderbeg
Scanderbeg or Skanderbeg , c.1404-1468, Albanian national hero. His original name was George Castriota or Kastriotes, but the Ottomans called him Iskender Bey, and this was corrupted into Scanderbeg.

The son of a prince of N Albania, he was educated in the Muslim faith as a hostage at the court of Sultan Murad II . The sultan showered favors on him and gave him the title bey and an army command. In 1443, when the Ottomans indicated they would attack Albania, Scanderbeg escaped to his homeland, abjured Islam, and formed a league of princes among the Albanian chieftains. He proclaimed himself prince of Albania. To resist the Ottomans under Sultan Muhammad II , Scanderbeg received aid at various times from Venice, Naples, Hungary, and the pope. He had success in these wars partly because of the rugged Albanian terrain and partly because he employed a mobile defense force using guerrilla methods. He withstood repeated attacks and forced the sultan to conclude a 10-year truce in 1461. Scanderbeg broke the truce in 1463 when Pope Pius II called for a new crusade.

The pope's death (1464) forced abandonment of the crusade; Scanderbeg, left without allies, had to retreat to his fortress of Kroia. After his death the league dissolved, resistance collapsed, and Albania fell to the Ottomans. Scanderbeg's life is the source of many Albanian tales.

Scanderbeg


       • Ali Pasha (1744 - 1822)
       • Zog
       • Ismail Kadare
       • Lek Dukagjini
       • Scanderbeg
       • Luan Krasniqi
       • Ismail Qemali
       • Mother Teresa


Last articles:
Albania to Emit 300 Million in Eurobonds
The Albanian Ministry of Finance has opened a tender for a bond ..
Experts Reject Greek-Albanian Land Grab Claim
Maritime law experts contacted by Balkan Insight have questione ..
Albania: Greek Mayor Sentenced to Prison
A court in the city of Vlora Albania, sentenced on Tuesday, to  ..
Nearly million Albanians lack ID cards, pose serious election challenge
The ruling Democratic Party (DP) is optimistic about meeting th ..